8 Types of Hernia – Symptoms in both men and women and treatments

8 Types of Hernia - Symptoms in both men and women and treatments

A Hernia refers to a bulge that is caused when a tissue or an organ passes through the wall of a soft or weak muscle. The groin or belly region is mostly affected by a hernia. A visible sign of Hernia is a soft lump in the groin region of the body.

In this article, we are going to discuss 8 types of Hernia, their symptoms in men and women as well as their treatment.

Types of Hernia and their treatment

Inguinal Hernia

An inguinal Hernia occurs when a fatty tissue or an intestines bulge through the inguinal canal. The Inguinal canal can be found in the lower abdomen. Since both men and women possess an Inguinal canal, both of them can suffer from Inguinal Hernia.

Symptoms of an inguinal Hernia in men and women

  • A heavy sensation in the lower abdomen or groin.
  • Sharp pain when exercising, bending or coughing.
  • Inflammation of the scrotum (in men)


Surgery is the common treatment for Inguinal Hernia. The operation can be done in two ways.

  • Laparoscopy-This is done using a small scope and is preferred if a patient wants to recover quickly.
  • Herniorrhaphy-This involves an open repair. The operation is basically about repairing the defected wall.

Hiatal Hernia

This occurs when the uppermost part of the stomach pushes its self through the diaphragm into the chest region. This condition is common among men and women who are over 50 or 60 years.

Types of a hiatal Hernia

Sliding hiatal Hernia –This occurs when the stomach and the oesophagus push into the chest.

Fixed hiatal Hernia –This occurs when the stomach pushes through the diaphragm and stays there.

Symptoms  of Hiatal Hernia in men and women

  • Heartburn when you lie down or lean over.
  • Chest pain

Hiatal Hernia Treatment

When it comes to hiatal hernia treatment, below mentioned treatments are most effective.

  • Surgery
  • Medications that neutralize stomach acid
  • Medications that reduce lower acid production

Femoral Hernia

This occurs when fatty tissues push through the lower abdomen into the inner thigh. Some common causes of Femoral Hernia  are heavy lifting, chronic coughing, childbirth, and constipation.

Symptoms of Femoral Hernia in men and women

A femoral hernia usually doesn’t cause any symptoms. But they can be noticed through a bulge in the groin area and the upper thigh.


  • Surgery

Incisional Hernia

An incisional Hernia can also be referred to as ventral hernia. It is characterized by a bulging of tissues with weak abdominal muscles. It usually occurs when the abdominal walls become very weak.

Symptoms of an incisional Hernia in men and women

Some common symptoms are as follows:

  1. Discomfort in the abdominal region.
  2. Sharp pain in the abdomen.
  3. Vomiting
  4. Bulging of the skin in the abdominal region.
  5. Nausea.


There are 3 surgical options for treating Incisional hernia:

  • Mesh placement surgery- Here, the surgeon pushes the tissues back to their original position and then sew in a mash to keep things in place.
  • Laparoscopic repair- This is done through a small opening, without the use of a mash.
  • Open surgery- A mash is not used in this procedure. The tissues are simply moved back to their original position.

Umbilical Hernia

This occurs when the muscles in the stomach do not join each other completely or when an intestine bulge through a weak area around the belly button region.

Symptom of an umbilical hernia in men and women

  • A bulge in the belly button or navel region.


Epigastric Hernia

This is when a tissue pushes through the abdomen, between the breastbone and the belly button.

Symptoms of an epigastric Hernia

One of the obvious symptoms of an Epigastric Hernia is a visible bulge that grows bigger in some cases. They are usually visible during a sneeze, laughter or a cough.


  • Surgery

Spigelian Hernia

This is formed through the Spigelian aponeurosis and occurs when the bowel pushes through the abdomen by the stomach.

Symptoms of a Spigelian Hernia in men and  women

  • Bowel movement
  • Heavy lifting
  • Intense abdominal pain.


Treatment of a Spigelian Hernia

  • Surgery

Muscle Hernia

This occurs when a muscle pushes through the abdomen. They usually occur after a sports injury.

Symptoms in men and women

●       Bulging

●       Intense pain


  • Surgery

If you suspect that you have any of the types of Hernia highlighted above, do well to seek medical advice from your doctor.


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