The Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease

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Every year more than 37 million people die from chronic kidney disease in the US. It is one of the leading causes of death among people around the world.

Chronic kidney disease may result in the loss of kidney functions, ultimately leading to complete kidney failure. It often occurs in one kidney while the other can still perform the necessary functions. As it advances, it becomes more life-threatening. 

Here is everything you need to know about the symptoms, causes, and treatment of chronic kidney disease.

Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease

With time, the symptoms of chronic kidney disease become more and more apparent in a patient. The kidney is a major organ that performs many crucial functions in the body. The symptoms can be evident in the initial stage and aggravate gradually. So here are the signs you need to look for to keep yourself and your loved ones safe and healthy.

  • Hypertension or High blood pressure
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite 
  • Vomiting
  • Weakness
  • Change in urination frequency(more or less)
  • Swelling in feet and ankles
  • Chest pain and shortness of breath due to fluid buildup

As the kidney performs various bodily functions, the symptoms can vary from person to person. There can be no specific symptoms, but as the condition gradually worsens, the effects become more and more apparent.

Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease

Underlying illnesses and unhealthy lifestyle choices can lead to chronic kidney disease. Without proper care and treatment, the illness can worsen over time. 

People suffering from the following health conditions are prone to Chronic Kidney Disease. 

  • Abnormal kidney structure
  • High blood pressure
  • Type 1 or type 2 diabetes
  • Inflammation of the kidney’s filtering units
  • Inflammation of the kidney’s tubules and surrounding structures
  • Kidney infection

Apart from these pre-existing diseases, one’s lifestyle choices are also a major factor responsible for chronic kidney disease. People who make unhealthy food choices, don’t exercise or consume alcohol are likely to suffer from a kidney disease. 

Treatment for Chronic Kidney Disease

The damage caused by CKD is often permanent, but there are ways to minimize its effect on other vital organs. Here are some effective treatments for chronic kidney disease

Dietary Intervention

Diet plays a significant role in battling any life-threatening disease. Some foods are a must for a person suffering from chronic kidney disease, and some should be avoided at all costs. Patients who smoke and drink need to stop smoking immediately and cut back on drinking. 

The patient should also regulate their salt intake and limit potassium and phosphorus in their diet, as these are dangerous substances for people with chronic kidney disease. 

Kidney dialysis

In case the kidney loses its primary ability, kidney dialysis helps in removing waste and excess fluid from the blood. However, it does increase the chances of complications like infections. 

Kidney transplant

This treatment for chronic kidney disease is done in the last stage. It is a far better option than dialysis, but a person needs kidney dialysis until they receive a kidney transplant. It is a difficult process with extended waiting times for a donor’s kidney. People often get it from their close family members or siblings, as they will be the perfect match for the new kidney. 

In summary

People suffering from chronic kidney disease are often subject to lengthy medical procedures. Now that you know the causes, symptoms, and treatment of chronic kidney diseases, you can help yourself, and your loved ones live healthier lives.

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