Concrete is a versatile material, suitable not only for walls but also for the floors inside a home. It is highly durable as well. However, the material lacks visual depth and interest in its natural state. For this reason, most people prefer getting it done outside their homes instead of the interior surroundings. Though these are pretty interesting additions to a place due to a staining effect.
Staining requires the use of acids. As such, for the best results, it is important to know how to complete the process correctly.
# Following Staining Concrete steps will guide you through the process
- Ready the Surface: Before the application of any stains, the surface must be prepared properly for the best results. Stains are not opaque. As a result, any particles and residue left on top of the stains will be clearly visible through the acid stain, unlike paints which can cover up the most issues.Before applying the stain, clean the surface thoroughly. A stiff brush and a non-residue cleaner can be used for getting rid of most of the dirt and grime. For more stubborn grime, you may use a degreaser and a pressure washer. You can also use a special cleaner. The choice of cleaner is often mentioned by the manufacturer of the stains that you will be applying. You can also use mechanical grinders for readying your surface.
- Apply the Stain: You should have already determined the type of stain that you want to apply. There is a huge variety in the market but most of them are applied in a similar manner. If you want patterns, make sure that you mask off the surface properly. You may also want to apply masks to walls, doors and windows, if any, for protectionDilute the staining compound as per the ratio recommended by the manufacturer. You can now use a brush or a spray to apply the stain. For precise application of the stain, utilize a sponge or a brush.Allow the stain to dry completely. The time required is dependent on the weather conditions. Nonetheless, it typically takes 24 hours for the stain to completely cure. You may apply another coat after the stain dries off completely.
- Residue Removal and Neutralization: After the stain has cured, the concrete must be cleaned before the application of the sealant. Use clean water to wash the surface thoroughly. In the case of an acid stain, neutralization is a must. There are various products available for neutralizing the stain.
- Application of Sealant: The stained surface must be cleaned and left to dry for at least 24 hours or longer before the sealant is applied. Use a vacuum cleaner for clearing off the accumulated dust. The type of sealant used depends on the location of the surface. You can also choose sealants based on the level of gloss that you require. Stain manufacturers often provide a recommended list of sealants that can be used. For best results, you can apply two layers of sealant. Once applied, you will be left with a beautiful surface made of concrete.
# Essential Points While Staining
- Always utilise colour samples to get an idea of the effect created by a stain.
- Do not use muriatic acid to wash the surface as it reduces the level of lime in the concrete. In turn, it reduces the acid stains capability to react with the surface and create the desired colour.
- For masking the surface for patterns, use paper or cardboard as masking tape may leave the residue behind.
If you are not too sure about your ability to stain the surface, hire a professional to do it for you. They will give their best services to you.