Side Effects of Uterine Fibroid Embolization

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Side Effects of Uterine Fibroid Embolization

Uterine fibroid embolization (UFE) is a procedure used to treat fibroid tumors in the uterus. Uterine fibroids, also known as leiomyoma, are masses of muscles and tissue found inside or outside the uterus. Fibroids are non-cancerous, and their size can be small like a seed or large like a lemon. Uterine fibroid embolization Huston, TX uses an x-ray to guide the delivery of embolic agents to the uterine fibroids. These agents block the arteries that provide blood to the fibroids and cause them to shrink. Despite UFE being an effective treatment, it can cause several side effects, which include:

Nausea

Nausea is an uncomfortable, uneasy, and queasy feeling in your stomach, followed by an urge to vomit. You are likely to experience nausea after uterine fibroid embolization. Your healthcare provider can prescribe anti-nausea medications to help relieve the discomforting feeling. If your first prescription does not work, your doctor will recommend alternative medicine.

Constipation

Constipation is when you have problems or difficulties with bowel movements. Being inactive and taking pain medications can lead to constipation. Drinking more fluids and eating foods with high fiber like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help reduce constipation. If your constipation does not improve with these home remedies, your doctor can prescribe medications.

Fever

Fever is a mildly elevated temperature felt in the body and is a common side effect of uterine fibroid embolization. Fever is a result or side effect of the fibroids dying and does not necessarily indicate an infection in most cases. If your fever is extraordinarily high and persists for more than three days, it can indicate a severe problem, so you should seek immediate medical care. Normal fevers are treated by the regular tablets prescribed by your doctor.

Pelvic pain and cramps

You can experience pelvic pain or cramp over the next several days after uterine fibroids embolization. They can range from mild to severe. While still in hospital, your doctor can give you pain medication through intravenous administration. The doctor can prescribe pain relievers or over-the-counter painkillers when you return home. Your pelvic pain and cramping will reduce gradually within days.

Vaginal discharge

Vaginal discharge is a mix of fluid and cells from the vagina that varies from whitish to sticky and clear and watery. A reddish or brown vaginal discharge or spotting after embolization is considered normal and may continue for days or weeks. In rare cases, you may also pass some fibroid tissue. Have some menstrual pads ready after the procedure, and avoid using tampons for a few weeks.

Infection at the incision site

During the UFE procedure, your specialist makes a small cut to insert a catheter. If you soak the incision in a bath for the first week, it can become infected. Ensure you monitor the incision site and keep it clean and dry. Your doctor will give you instructions on how to make the cut to promote quick healing. In case of any signs of infection, seek immediate medical attention.

Fortunately, your doctor can treat and help you manage the side effects of uterine fibroid embolization. Schedule an appointment at Alate Health for uterine fibroid embolization to safely eliminate your uterine fibroids.

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