Chronic heart disease, otherwise known as ischaemic heart disease or coronary artery disease is one of the biggest causes of death in the UK and around the world. Therefore, it’s important that you know the key signs of a heart disease, so you can seek help accordingly from a London heart clinic or one local to you. So, what are the key symptoms and causes of heart disease? Let’s take a closer look, below.
The purpose of the heart is to pump blood around the body, beating around 70 times a minute. Once the blood has left the right side of the heart, it travels straight to the lungs where it picks up oxygen. From here, the oxygen-rich blood returns to the heart and is then pumped to the organs via arteries. The blood then returns to the heart through the veins before being pimped back to the lungs again; this process is known as circulation.
Symptoms Of Heart Disease
There are a number of distinctive symptoms that you can look out for when it comes to heart disease, including chest pain, shortness of breath and palpitations.
Chest Pain – chest pain can be a key sign of coronary artery disease and can be identified as a dull pain in the middle of the chest, which emits into the jaw and down the left arm. The pain can get worse with exercise but improves with rest. If you have this symptom then you should see your doctor as soon as possible.
Palpitations – We can feel weird heartbeats from time to time, which can be triggered by caffeine drinks. If the palpitations become more frequent or they last a long time, you should seek further investigation. There will usually be associated symptoms, including chest pain, blurred vision, and dizziness that should never be ignored.
Shortness Of Breath – Shortness of breath can get progressively worse and can be a subtle yet important symptom of heart disease. When your doctor listens to your chest, they may hear a murmur of heart valve disease.
What Causes Heart Disease?
Coronary heart disease describes what happens when the heart’s blood supply is interrupted or blocked by a build-up of fatty substances in the coronary arteries. In time, the walls of the arteries will become furred up with fatty deposits, known as atherosclerosis. This can be caused by lifestyle factors and conditions, such as smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
Preventing Heart Disease
You can help to reduce the chances of getting coronary heart disease by making changes, such as eating a balanced and healthy diet, being more physically active, quitting smoking and controlling blood cholesterol.
How Can Heart Disease Be Treated?
Although coronary heart disease cannot be cured, treatment can assist in managing the symptoms and reducing the chances of further problems occurring. These treatments can include:
- Angioplasty; narrow heart arteries
- Lifestyle changes
Hopefully, now you have a better understanding of heart disease, including symptoms and the causes, so you can try to prevent it and act effectively if you notice the signs.