Whether it is an enterprise network or a home network, fast and reliable Ethernet is an inevitable requirement. With the maturity and popularization of 10G Ethernet technology in the commercial field, the cost of 10G network deployment has been greatly reduced. Because of this, some home users have begun to consider upgrading the previous 1G fiber home network to 10G, but for home users, 10G optical fiber network is a new field. This article will provide you with some useful tips and typical 10G home optical fiber networking solutions so that you can plan and deploy an efficient and economical 10G home optical fiber network.
Table of Contents
Before deploying a 10G home fiber network, the most important thing is to conduct a comprehensive assessment of your home network to ensure that the later deployed network can meet all your traffic needs. The main thing is how many computers, printers and other peripherals do you need to connect to your network? What types of mobile devices need to access your network? How much range does your wireless wifi need to cover? Do you need to monitor all network devices? Do you want your network equipment to have some special capabilities? Where would you like to have a 10G connection? Does the earlier 1G connection need to be preserved?
What equipment is required to deploy a 10G home optical fiber network?
For 10G home optical fiber networking, home 10 Gigabit switches, routers and wireless access points (APs) are essential components. Depending on the requirements, devices such as network servers, 10 Gigabit network cards, PoE switches, and IP cameras may also be required in the home network.
How to choose the best equipment for 10G home fiber network?
It can be seen from the above that home network switches, routers and wireless access points are the three most important network components of a home optical fiber network. If you want to obtain an efficient and reliable network, high-quality equipment is essential. Here are some tips for choosing a home network switch, router, and wireless access point.
Home network switch
There are many types of network switches on the market, such as Gigabit switches, 10 Gigabit switches, 25G switches, PoE switches, etc. Among them, for a 10G home optical fiber network, you may need a 10G network switch and PoE switch. So how can you choose the most suitable home network switch? You can start from the following three aspects:
Function and performance
Network switches have many functions, especially managed network switches. However, for home network switches, there is no need to choose a network switch that supports all functions, just choose to support basic functions, such as QoS, VLAN, and security. At the same time, you can also consider stacking capabilities and Power over Ethernet capabilities. The stacking feature brings more flexibility to the network. If you want to upgrade the network later or need to add more network devices to the network, stacking multiple switches may be the most efficient and economical solution because it can meet your needs without changing the original network architecture. The Power over Ethernet function can supply power to PoE devices. If you need to deploy PoE devices such as IP cameras in your home network, it is recommended that you choose a switch that supports Power over Ethernet (ie, a PoE switch or a PoE+ switch).
In addition, power consumption and capacity are also factors to consider. Since the larger the switching capacity, the stronger the data switching capability of the switch is. In order to ensure the stable and reliable operation of your home network, it is recommended to choose a network switch with a larger switching capacity. At the same time, choosing a fanless network switch is necessary for home networking, as a fanless network switch is essentially noiseless and helps reduce system power consumption.
Usually, the port types of home network switches are electrical ports (ie RJ45 ports) and optical ports (such as SFP/SFP+ ports). Among them, electrical ports are generally connected with Cat6 network jumpers, while optical ports generally need to be used with optical modules and fiber jumpers. For example, SFP+ ports are generally used with SFP+ optical modules (click here) and LC duplex fiber jumpers. . In addition to considering the port type, the number of ports on the home network switch is also a factor to be considered. If your network does not need to connect a lot of network devices, generally choose an 8-port or 12-port 10 Gigabit switch to meet the needs; but If you need to connect a lot of network devices or the network scale will expand in the short term, it is recommended that you choose a 24-port or 48-port 10 Gigabit switch. All in all, all choices are based on your actual network needs.
Because the cost of electrical ports is lower than that of optical ports, the cost of network switches with electrical ports (ie, RJ45 ports) is usually lower than that of network switches with optical ports. Managed network switches are also more expensive than unmanaged network switches. After you have determined the type of home network switch, you can compare home network switches from different vendors on the market and choose the most cost-effective one.
A router is an essential device in connecting your home network to Inte.NET. The choice of a home router is much simpler than a home network switch. First of all, you should contact your Internet Service Provider (ISP) or check your account details directly to get your bandwidth rate and see what speed router you need to handle the bandwidth rate. Considering that you are now cabling a 10G home fiber network, the router you choose should have at least one SFP+ port. Second, you need to determine the type of router you need, currently routers are divided into wired routers and wireless routers. Although wireless routers can provide both wireless or Ethernet connectivity, their wireless WiFi signals have limited coverage and are generally more expensive than wired routers. Therefore, if your home network covers a large area, considering the cost and the stability of the connection, it is recommended that you prefer a wired router (which can be used with a wireless access point).
Home wireless access point
A wireless access point is essential if you want to access the Internet with your wireless device. When choosing a wireless access point you must first confirm a few questions: How many wireless devices do you have? What is the maximum area that a WiFi signal needs to cover? How much coverage can the wireless access point you choose? Once you have identified these issues, you can determine how many APs you need to purchase, so you can avoid choosing too few or too many.
10G home optical fiber network case sharing
After selecting the network equipment, it is time to deploy the 10G home optical fiber network. A typical 10G home optical fiber network deployment diagram is as follows. There are many network devices in the whole house. After calculating the connection lines, the 24-port 10 Gigabit switch is used as the core switch in the home network. The 4 SFP+ optical ports of the 10G switch are connected to PoE+ switches, routers, network video recorders (NVRs) and servers. As for PoE equipment in courtyards, garages, etc., it can be connected to an 8-port PoE+ switch.