What is a Patent: What are the FAQs About Patent Law


Patents are an important part of the intellectual property system because they encourage innovation by giving inventors the incentive to disclose their inventions to the public. Without patents, inventors would have little incentive to disclose their inventions, as others would be free to copy and exploit them without compensation.

Patents are also essential for businesses, as they can use patents to protect their investments in research and development. By preventing others from copying or reverse engineering their inventions, companies can recoup their investment and generate revenue from their patents.

What is a Patent?

A patent is a legal document granting an inventor exclusive rights to make, use, and sell their invention for a specific time. In exchange for these rights, the inventor must disclose their invention to the public so others can learn from it. It is granted by the government, and they are valid in the United States for 20 years from the filing date. After a patent expires, anyone can make, use, and sell the invention without asking permission from the inventor.

Patents are a way to encourage people to innovate and create new products and technologies. By granting inventors exclusive rights to their inventions, patents incentivize people to invest time and resources into developing new ideas.

How to Determine if My Invention is Patentable

If you’ve created something that you think is new and unique, you may wonder if it’s eligible for a patent. The answer isn’t always clear-cut, but there are some general guidelines you can use to help determine whether your invention is patentable.

First, you’ll need to ensure your invention meets the criteria for patentability. To be eligible for a patent, your invention must be:

  • New: Your invention must be new or novel to be eligible for a patent. This means that it can’t already exist in the public domain, and it can’t be obvious to someone skilled in the relevant field.
  • Useful: Your invention must also be useful to be eligible for a patent. This means that it must serve some purpose or function, and it can’t be aesthetic in nature.
  • Non-obvious: Besides being new and useful, your invention must also not be obvious to someone skilled in the relevant field. This means that your invention must offer some new and innovative perspective or approach that’s not clear to others.

If your invention meets all these criteria, it may be eligible for a patent. But, even if your invention meets all the requirements for patentability, there’s no guarantee that you’ll be able to get a patent.

The patent process is complex and challenging to navigate, so it’s always best to consult with a qualified patent attorney before moving forward. They can help you determine whether your invention is actually eligible for a patent, and they can also help you navigate the complex patent application process.

The Importance of Your Application to Grant a Patent

After determining if your invention is patentable, the next step is to know what kind of patent you need.

There are three types of patents – Utility, Design, and Plant.

  • Utility patents are a type of intellectual property that can be granted to anyone who invents or discovers any new and useful process, machine, or article of manufacture. The vast majority (more than 90%) at the USPTO are utility patent applications, though, so they’re not for big companies!
  • Design patents are a unique type of intellectual property that can be granted to anyone who invents new designs for articles.
  • Plant patents may be granted to anyone who invents, discovers, and reproduces any distinct and new variety of plants.

Once you have determined the type of patent you need, you can proceed with a patent application process.

The patent application process can be done online or by mail. Your application for a patent must meet specific requirements in order to be processed by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). In addition, your invention must fall within one of the four categories of patentable subject matter: process, machine, manufacture, or composition of matter. If your invention does not fit into these categories, it is not eligible for a patent.

One of the most critical aspects of your application is the specification. The specification must include a written description of your invention and claims that define your invention’s scope.

The USPTO will also consider the drawings of your invention when evaluating your application. The drawings must show every feature of your invention that is claimed in the specification. Also, the drawings must be clear so that they can be understood by someone skilled in the art.

If you are filing a provisional application, you are not required to include a claims section or drawings. However, it is recommended that you include both in your provisional application. This will allow you to transition more to a non-provisional application later on.

Once your application is complete, the USPTO will review it to ensure it meets all the requirements. If your application is found to be complete, it will be assigned to a patent examiner. The patent examiner will then review your application to determine if your invention is eligible for a patent.

Ensure that your Inventions are Well Defended

It’s essential to make sure that your intellectual property is well-protected so that you can maintain your competitive edge and prevent others from profiting from your hard work.

One of the best ways to protect your intellectual property is to obtain patents. Getting a patent can prevent others from making, using, or selling your invention without your permission. However, patents are not always easy to obtain. The process can be complex and time-consuming, and it’s often necessary to hire a patent attorney to help you navigate the process!


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