People who have a pet at home and work in the health area should also avoid medicating their pets without a veterinary professional’s prescription, since the human body is quite different from that of animals. What would be indicated to a person can take a pet to death. In this article, get to know some of the main pet meds online used today and know what kind of complications they can solve.
The primary diseases and medicines for dogs
Before we start the list of the main diseases in dogs and their most suitable treatments, it is worth remembering that a good part of these complications can be avoided if your pet receives all the appropriate vaccines when still a puppy; and that a veterinary professional should always be consulted before any medication is given to your pet, so that more significant problems – like intoxications and even death – can be avoided.
Dermatitis can occur due to several factors, ranging from food intake to contact with plants, parasites, and reaction to medications. Causing itches, wounds, eye discharge, and excessive hair loss, among other symptoms, also has various treatment forms. For the problem’s solution, products from topical use (such as shampoos and antiallergic lotions) to antihistamines, antibiotics, and corticosteroids may be indicated in more severe cases.
Caused by fungi, bacteria, and parasites, otitis is better known as ear inflammation and, when left untreated, facilitates problems such as meningitis and generalized infections, which can be fatal. Its treatment varies according to the causes of the disease’s onset and may include antibiotics, antiparasitic and antifungal agents.
Dogs can be contaminated by worms orally, by larvae entering their skin, by breastfeeding, and through the placenta of an infected mother (who transmits the disease to the puppy still in the belly). Lodged in the animal’s body, worms and parasites can affect the dog’s intestines, heart, lungs, stomach, kidneys, and esophagus, causing pneumonia, anemia, intestinal rupture, vomiting, seizures, and weight loss, among other complications, which can be fatal. Treatment is done with the use of vermifuge-acting remedies.
- Arthropathies – Arthritis, and Arthrosis
Characterized by inflammation in the animal’s joints, arthritis causes excellent discomfort to dogs, who have difficulty moving, limping, lack of appetite, and a lot of pain. More common in dogs that are older or overweight, arthritis is treated with chondroprotective, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic medications.
Without obvious causes, depression in dogs can cause sudden changes in co-behavior, lack of appetite, and apathy in the animal, developing compulsions where it starts to lick without stopping its paw, leading to severe wounds. Treatment of the disease includes the use of anti-depressants.
- Heart diseases
Triggered for different reasons, heart disease in dogs is relatively common and affects about 10% of canine animals. Tiredness, cough, different coloration on the tongue, difficulty breathing, frequent refusals to any activity, and excessive sleep may be among the signs that your pet has a heart problem. Treatment varies according to the severity of the case and the specific situation and may include vasodilator and diuretic medications.
Bearing all this in mind, always remember that, at the sign of any strange behavior on your pet’s part, the consultation with a veterinarian is urgent.