Installing ceiling lights in a room is one of the easiest ways to brighten up things. These lights provide even and natural lighting in your room.
These are quickly becoming a trendy choice for home lighting fixtures. Once you’ve decided to add recessed wall lights, you’ll need to determine what kind of bulbs you would like in your new lighting fixtures.
LED lighting, like any other design or construction choice you make for your home, has a number of advantages and disadvantages that you should carefully consider before making the decision to go for LED lighting.
These lights are available in a variety of sizes and styles, whether purchased online or at the nearest store. This guide will walk you through the six specifications you should be aware of when deciding on the right LED recessed lights to use.
The size of modern residential LED recessed lights ranges from 2 to 6 inches. Most households use a mix of 4-inch and 6-inch bulbs, and these two sizes have the greatest range.
When contrasting recessed light sizes, it’s natural to believe that 6-inch lights are brighter than 4-inch lights. This was valid for incandescent recessed lamps, but not for LEDs. In terms of visibility and beam spread, many 4-inch LED recessed lights are equal to 6-inch lights. As a result, selecting the right size LED recessed lights for space is more of an aesthetic than a practical choice. I suggest that you take the following strategy:
- Begin with Consistency – If you also have recessed lighting in other areas of the building, consider matching the scale of such lights for consistency. Only keep in mind that mixing sizes of lights throughout a house is completely acceptable.
- Visual Preference – Analyze the size of the room. We suggest using 6-inch lights for general lighting and 4-inch lights for activity and accent lighting in big spaces or rooms with high ceilings. The appearance of 4-inch adjustable lights are less obtrusive as compared to 6-inch adjustable lights for sloped ceilings.
And at last, a note on recessed light sizes. When a recessed light is labelled as a “4-inch” or “6-inch,” it is the measure to the inside of the housing (diameter) with the trim off.
- Primary Types of LED Lighting
Fixed Recessed Lights and Adjustable Recessed Lights are the two main types of LED recessed lights.
- Fixed Recessed Lights – These are generic LED recessed lights with a recessed lens that is not movable and stays recessed within the trim. A smooth aperture is referred to as a reflector trim. It is referred to as a baffle trim if it has ridges.
- Adjustable Recessed Lights – With adjustable recessed lights, the lens is partially recessed and fixed to an axis that causes it to rotate within the trim, usually up to 35 degrees.
Other LED Recessed Lighting Options
We’d like to list two other types of LED recessed lights that can be used for more specialised applications. They are referred to as thin or slim recessed lights, as well as fully adjustable or elbows recessed lights. In a technical sense, none of these is recessed lights. They are, in reality, surface lights.
- Ultra-Thin or Slim Recessed Lights – These are the most recent lights to enter the market. These lights are ultra-thin, as the name suggests, and do not use the housing. The wiring and connectors for these “canless” led lights are housed in a remote junction box. Their benefit is that they can be installed virtually anywhere and do not require clearance from ceiling joists above. The disadvantage of this kind of LED light is that it can create a glare when the lens is flush with the ceiling.
- Recessed Lights with Full Adaptability or Elbow Recessed Lights – Completely Adjustable (also known as Elbow) recessed lights can be adjusted from flat to about 75 degrees and rotated 360 degrees. They have the most versatility in terms of accent and artwork placement, but they protrude from the ceiling, making them even more visible than a normal customizable recessed light. They can be used only where the location or angle of the ceiling demands greater flexibility than a normal adjustable recessed light can offer.
- Choosing the Best Type for your Room
The best type of recessed light you use in a room can be determined by the ceiling type (flat or sloped) and the lighting purpose.
- Flat ceilings – For generic lighting and task lighting, use fixed (non-adjustable) recessed lights. When you choose to focus the light onto an object or a wall for Accent Lighting, use customizable recessed lights. Ultra-thin recessed lighting can only be used in rooms where you would be specifically under the lights. When used in long-shaped spaces or open floor plans, the surface LED lights’ glare can be bright as you gaze through the ceiling.
- Sloped Ceilings – For general lighting and task lighting, use flexible recessed lamps. The advantage of using adjustable lights is that they can be guided downwards rather than targeting the angle of the ceiling as fixed lights do. Angling them downward with the lens parallel to the floor reduces glare, particularly if the seating in the room faces the slope of the ceiling. Much of the time, We do not consider using recessed lights for Accent Lighting with sloped ceilings.
- Color Temperature
The real colour illumination of white light, measured in Kelvins, is referred to as correlated colour temperature (CCT) (K). Colour temperature is sometimes confused with brightness, but it refers to the colour hue of the light. Warm white (2700K), gentle white (3000K), neutral white (3500K), brilliant white (4000K), and daylight are the most typical colour temperatures (5000K).
If you’re used to dimming incandescent lamps, you’ll find the LED lights don’t act the same way. The distinction is that the colour temperature of an incandescent light warms up when it is dimmed, usually changing from 2700K at maximum exposure to about 2200K when somewhat dimmed. When LED lights are dimmed, their colour temperature does not change automatically. Throughout the dimming spectrum, they maintain the same colour temperature. This isn’t really a bad thing; it’s just unusual if you’re not used to it.
Selecting a Color Temperature
LED colour temperature options
The colour temperature of lighting has a significant effect on the appearance of a room. Warmer tones in the 2700K-3000K range can make the room look cosy, while colder temperatures in the 3500K-4000K range will make a room feel vivid and lively. As a result, consider using tunable white LED recessed lamps. Instead, depending on how the lights look and sound in the room, you can mount them and change the colour temperature to your preference. It’s fine to change the colour temperature between rooms.
The output of LED recessed lights is measured in lumens rather than watts, as was the case for incandescent lamps in the past. Don’t fall into the trap of contrasting the brightness of LED lights by measuring their wattage. Since some LEDs are more powerful than others, they use fewer watts to achieve the same or more lumens.
We suggest using lights that generate at least 600 lumens for regular height ceilings and with at least 900 lumens for tall ceilings for general lighting. As long as you’ve got a dimmer switch (which you should always have), the higher the lumen performance, the safer.
- Light Quality
The colour rendering index (CRI) is a calculation of a light’s ability to correctly represent colours in contrast to an optimal or natural light source. It is critical to use LEDs with a high CRI so that colours show as expected. LED lights with a CRI of 90 or higher are the highest.
- Beam Angle
The LED beam angle is described as having a light concentration of 50% or higher. Most LED recessed lights (also known as “Retrofit” LEDs) have a very broad beam angle, typically greater than 90 degrees. While this is perfect for scattering light, aiming across a ceiling from a too-wide angle can create unnecessary glare. There aren’t many choices for beam angles for LED recessed lights right now. The majority of manufacturers would simply mark them as “Flood” or “Spot” lamps. So best is to use floodlighting for general lighting in a room.
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