Research conducted and reviewed by water filter pitchers reviews proves that an individual can survive without food for weeks due to the body using the stored proteins and fats that will start to be utilized once you stop eating food. But if you lack water it is unlikely that you will survive for a long period of time.
Therefore it proves that drinking purified water is an important routine in our daily lives. The development of technology has helped in the water purification process as advanced technology is used in water filtration now.
Some of the technologies used in the process of filtration according to pure water guide are as follows:
- Reverse osmosis Purification
This is a type of technology that is widely used by individuals in the filtration process. According to the report titled water filters pitcher’s review, this automation of the water filtration process uses membrane technology to remove germs, impurities and dissolved salt from the drinking water.
This is done by the semi-permeable membrane separating chemicals and bacteria from the drinking water as it consists of a very delicate membrane that only allows water to go through while the contaminants, salts and other substances that pollute the drinking water are filtered away.
The downside of this type of technology is that it changes the taste of the drinking water as minerals are also removed in the purification process. Reverse osmosis purification technology is one of the technologies that retain healthy minerals in the drinking water in the water purification process. So as to maintain it for a longer period of time it is important to keep in mind that the membrane should be regularly changed and frequently be kept clean.
- Ultra-Violet purification
Ultra-Violet purification technology is used to destroy germs, bacteria, and other microbes in the drinking water by integrating the ultra-violet ray from the sunlight, which normally consists of small mercury lamp which gives rise to short ultra-violet radiation.
The drinking water is enlightened by this ultra-violet ray radiation which diffuses out the bacteria and viruses causing them not to multiply in the drinking water. Though the ultra-violet rays kill the germs, some of the germs will still remain in the drinking water unless the filtration process is carried out so as to completely eliminate the remaining germs.
This proves that the ultra-violet purification process is a technology used in the water purification process that cannot be carried alone hence making it dependent on other filtration methods like the activated carbon filters and the reverse osmosis water filters.The ultra-violet purification is an advantageous process and some of these advantages include:
- Chemical Free:-The purification process does not leave any harmful products to human beings and also does not use any chemicals like chlorine in its purification process.
- Taste & Odor-Free:-Unlike the reverse osmosis purification process the ultraviolet purification process does not alter the odor or the chemical taste of the water
- Extremely Effective:-This method of the purification process is an effective way to kill microbes that will cause diseases to an individual, by ensuring that there is a ninety-nine percent destruction of these microbes.
- Requires very little energy:-The ultra-violet purification process requires a very little amount of energy as it runs a sixty-watt bulb.
- Low Maintenance:-This method requires low maintenance as it only requires you to change the ultra-violet bulb
- Sub-micron Filtration
Sub-micron Filtration purification process generates a physical barrier in accordance with the pore size so as to separate the particles from the water system, working in a manner that a sieve does.
Even though the pore size is small which ranges from somewhere between one to ten nanometer, it is capable of eliminating a protein molecule of a size which is that of a macromolecule.
Sub-micron filtration is a technology used in the water purification process that includes sub-micro and micro-filters which filter biologically active particles as well as remove dead or alive bacteria. The sub-micron filtration process assists in the elimination of endotoxins, colloids, enzymes, and other small particulates.
In the Sub-micron filtration process, generally, water flow is either maneuvered through the cross-flow pattern or straight through the membrane. Filters having sub-micron technology should be regularly maintained so as to ensure effective and efficient functioning.
The type of technologies listed above proves that water filters commonly use two techniques to remove and eliminate harmful substances to human being’s health and other pollutants from the drinking water.
These two techniques are either chemical or physical techniques. Physical filtration is basically straining water so as to remove bigger impurities, thus this is basically a sieve made of a very fine textile membrane orthin gauze.
While chemical filtration involves passing drinking water through an active role whose function is to remove pollutants and contaminants which might cause diseases to individuals.