Immigration is described as the International movement of people from their home country to a foreign country permanently. This move could be for several reasons namely; for work opportunities or educational purposes or even due to political instability in their country of origin. To most applicants, this request of immigration is denied, but if one is wise enough to get good Immigration lawyers on their side, it turns out to be a smooth process. The most immigrated continents are North America, Europe, Canada, and Australia while the most migrated from continents are Africa and South America. Just as a coin has two sides, this movement has positives and negatives to the countries involved in this trade, and both sides are discussed below.
1. It Raises The Host Country's Productivity and GDP
Most immigrants move in search of better employment opportunities in the host country. And for this reason, an immigrant that has secured a job in a foreign country tends to work harder which in turn increases the organizations' productivity and the country’s at large. This means that once they start working the country gets to enjoy a gradual rise in their annual GDP.
2. It Promotes Entrepreneurship
Many immigrants are business oriented, which means that once they get their feet on the ground and familiarize themselves with the new environment, they can start up their businesses. Having equipped themselves with technical skills through education and extensive training, they utilize the resources offered by the host country to promote entrepreneurship.
3. Immigration Helps To Diversify Local Economies
Immigrants bring in fresh ideas, innovations and a new perspective into the host country's local community. With this, a great deal of diversity on how things are done is created. From these new methods, there is a significant increase in businesses built which results in the formation of new job opportunities to the locals. This diversification does not only impact the economic sector but also enriches the cultural and social aspects of the community.
1. Immigration May Cause Overpopulation and Strain on Resources
If this trade occurs in an uncontrolled manner, it may result in overpopulation of the region which in turn creates strain to the country's resources. This may arise where the host country fails to do proper planning to ensure immigrants sustainability. If a government overlooks factors such as housing, water and other utilities it may impact the economy into taking steps such as rationing which is on the negative side.
2. Immigration May Encourage Disease Spreading
Immigration has brought about the transmission of many diseases to new regions. This results from lack of proper medical vetting of the immigrants coming into the country. And in the case of illegal immigration, vetting is not done at all which worsens the situation. This calamity brought about by immigration causes so much distress as the medical resources in the host country may not be equipped to treat such diseases or may take time to do the same which may result in faster spreading. Illnesses known to have crossed borders are HIV and AIDs and the most feared Ebola.
3. Immigrant Exploitation is Likely to Occur
It is a new environment with different cultures and different ways of life; immigrants tend to be timid as they take it all in. Taking this into account, some of the citizens may take advantage of this naivety into exploiting the immigrant. Immigrants may face exploitation through racism where they are given meager income jobs and paid minimal wages that are not able to sustain them. For this reason, they tend to be held back from personal growth as they live a hand to mouth kind of life.
From the above-mentioned pros and cons, it is evident that immigration is both a good thing and a bad thing. Moving into a new culture should be an exciting adventure to take up since it brings about a lot of changes, both good and bad. The best way to curb and avoid the negative side is to do your research thoroughly before moving to a foreign state. A few things you need to consider is to have the right paperwork for employment and to know your fundamental human rights, and in case any of them are violated, you can take the necessary steps to solve it.